Prepositions in arabic

Prepositions in Arabic

Prepositions in Arabic are called حُروفُ الجَرّ [Huruuf ul-jarr] and they are crucial for forming proper sentences.

Preposition is a word used before a noun, that shows a relation between one word to another. Today you will learn Arabic prepositions and rules that apply when you use them.

List of prepositions in Arabic

In Arabic there are two types of prepositions- separate and attached. The prepositions precede the nouns.

Word after preposition in Arabic: the noun after the preposition is called مَجرور [majruur] – it changes its case from nominative to genitive.

The above means that if the preposition precedes the indefinite noun the last letter of this noun changes from two dammahs to two kasrahs (see example with the letter siin: سٌ -> سٍ ). If it precedes the definitive noun it analogously changes from dammah to kasrah (سُ -> سِ ).

If you are not familiar with Arabic short vowels read: short vowels in Arabic.

The separate prepositions

There are 5 main separate prepositions in Arabic. Below you can find all of them along with the correct pronunciation and examples of useful ready phrases.

Arabic prepositions list
EnglishArabicPronunciation
from, of, thanمِنْmin
up to, to, atإلىilaa
about, on behalf of, away fromعَنْ3an
above, on, uponعَلى3alaa
in, at, withفيfii

Examples with the preposition min مِنْ

  • مِنْ فَضْلِكَ [min faDlika] – if you please
  • مِنْ قَبْلِ [min qabli] – before
  • أكْثَرُ مِنْ – [aktharu min…] – more than…
  • مِنْ ثَمَّ [min thamma] – therefore, thus
  • مِنْ غَيْرِ [min ghayri] – without

Examples with the preposition ilaa إلى

  • إلى أَنْ [ilaa an] – untill, till
  • إلى الغَدِ [ilal ghadi] – till tomorrow
  • إلى مَتى [ilaa mataa] – till when?
  • إلى الأمامِ [ilal amaami] – forward, ahead
  • إلى الأَبَدِ [ilal abadi] – forever

Examples with the preposition 3an عَنْ

  • عَنْ قَليلٍ – next [3an qaliilin]
  • عنْ حَقٍّ – rightly [3aan haqqin]

Examples with the preposition 3alaa عَلى

  • عَلى سَبيلِ المِثالِ – for example [3alaa sabiilil mithaali]
  • عَلى كُلِّ حالٍ – anyway [3alaa kulli Haalin]

Examples with the preposition fii في

  • في ساعَةٍ [fii saa3atin] – in an hour
  • في المَساءِ [fil masaa’i] – in the evening
  • في الصَّباحِ [fiS-SabaaHi] – in the morning

See also: basic Arabic adjectives for beginners.

The attached prepositions

There are 3 attached prepositions in Arabic, which are also letters of the Arabic alphabet – ba, ka and laam.

Arabic prepositions list
EnglishArabicPronunciation
with, by, inبِbi
like, such asكَka
to, forلِli

Arabic prepositions quiz

Test how much you remember from today’s lesson with our quick quiz about the prepositions in Arabic:

Arabic prepositions quiz

Check how well you know the prepositions in Arabic

Let’s get started!

Follow us on Pinterest to get notifications about new posts. If you find our website useful in your Arabic language journey, please share it with your friends. Doing so will help us continue to create free study materials. Thanks!

%d bloggers like this: